History of Backgammon

1.Tribal priests first formed dice games. They rolled bones of animals to predict the future. As years went by people started to roll bones and bet on the outcome. People carved faces on bones when gambling but the main reason why the die was invented was because the cube is easily carved and is best for rolling with a fair outcome.

2. The most ancient ancestors of the game date back 5000 years to the ancient civilisation of summer in southern Mesopotamia, which is now Iraq. Archaeological findings of boards resembling our Backgammon have been found in Iraq.

3. Egyptian Pharaohs enjoyed playing a game that resembled Backgammon. These games have been found in Egyptian tombs plus on wall hieroglyphics. The Egyptians used a dice box to roll the die to eliminate cheating. Greeks and Romans also used the dice box in their versions of the game.

4. Versions of backgammon have been popular in Britain for centuries. The game was known in Anglo-Saxon times and is mentioned in old English text of the eighth and ninth centuries. It also dates from the Crusades.

5. India Or china are probably the first people to play Backgammon as we know it and was probably brought into western Europe from the Mediterranean.

6. The Church, which frowned upon any sort of gambling, waged a long and losing war against the popular game. In 1254 Louis IX of France forbade the game to his court officials and extended the ban to all his subjects. Of course the game was played behind closed doors.
 
7. Backgammon has been played in the United States since the seventeenth century. Thomas Jefferson was a keen player of the game – while he was drafting the American Independence in 1776 he kept a notebook and among the entries are a description of how he won and lost at Backgammon.

8. The Italians called the game ‘tavole reale’, and the Spanish ‘tablas reales’; both mean "royal tables". The Spanish are said to have learned the game from their Moorish conquerors.

   
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